HISTORY: Crop circles go back at least to the
1920s, if not beyond
(earliest report so far discovered = 1590).
DISTRIBUTION: They occur worldwide (e.g. 1997; USA, Australia,
Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Czech
Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany,
Nether lands, Belgium,
PERPETRATORS - NON/SUPER-HUMAN? They have appeared in a field cordoned
off by infra—red cameras and motion detectors; no human activity was detected.
EYE/EAR WITNESSES: At least a dozen people have witnessed formations
occurring in front of them. In one case — Vivien
& Gary Tomlinson — this was accompanied by an extremely loud noise
like “pan—pipes”, which actually perforated Vivien s eardrums.
VISIBLE NODAL CHANGES:
Nodes on the stems of plants from a formation
often show nodal elongation or enlargement
far beyond explicable natural causes, such as phototropism or
negative geotropism. Sometimes, large holes or “expulsion
cavities” are evident, where moisture has exploded out.
CELLULAR CHANGES: Over 90% of samples from formations studied every year
show microscopic pit-holes in the nodal cells,
indicating flash heating in a micro-second.
CARBON BLACKENING: Some plants in crop formations have been found covered
with a thin layer of carbon.
GERMINATION CHANGES: Seeds from within a crop formation show marked differences
in germination to that of control samples. The germination rate is either
vastly increased, or slow and inconsistent, or even refuses to germinate at all.
stalks: Some stalks are pulled into the flow from beyond the
perimeter stalks - this does not happen when the formation is made with boards
9. perimeter stalks: Some stalks are pulled into the flow from beyond the perimeter stalks - this does not happen when the formation is made with boards or rollers.
CROP SELECTIVITY: It has been observed on several occasions that odd
stalks of another crop, or sometimes, other plants, such as thistles, remain
standing, while the crop is laid flat.
BENT RAPE STEMS: Early UK formations are often in oilseed rape, in
which the stems are found to be bent right over. This is an impossible effect to
hoax, since rape stems are very brittle. Some samples taken from formations
continue bending into a 360 degree curl.
NITROGEN / NITRATE RATIOS: In 1995, the Agricultural Development and
Advisory Service found an increase in the nitrogen/nitrate ratios inside some
formations, but the ADAS department which did the tests was immediately shut
down afterwards. This research has since been taken up again by Jim Lyons, who
stated in 1998 that the results again showed an increase, and that they would
soon be published. (I haven't found them yet).
TIME DILATION: 2 separate groups of experiments have been performed
showing that clocks inside formations lose or gain time compared to those
Magnetic effects can be seen in some formations using a compass, which can
deviate several degrees from true North. If a magnet is dragged round the
formation, there will sometimes be iron particles
found sticking to it.
Also, minute, partially melted particles of
meteoritic magnetite have been found in a centrifugally distributed pattern.
Also, minute, partially melted particles of meteoritic magnetite have been found in a centrifugally distributed pattern.
FAILURES: Many electronic
gadgets have been found to fail inside crop formations, including cameras,
video equipment, power-packs, and tape recorders. They often function perfectly
just outside the formation. Several TV crews have picked up severe interference.
phones, if the batteries work, often won’t transmit or receive in the
formation. Combine harvesters have also broken down several times while
PHOTOGRAPHIC ANOMALIES: Many photographic anomalies have occurred in
formations, but the most inexplicable one shows a ghosting effect in part
of the image; the people photographed inside a formation are recorded in 2
images, but in the ghosted one, they have moved relative positions!
MENSTRUAL DISRUPTION: Some formations have caused disruption of the
female menstrual cycle, and in some cases, even post- menopausal bleeding
following a visit to a crop formation.
ENDOCRINE EFFECTS: Lucy
Pringle has announced the results of a test in which the melatonin
levels in 2 subjects had been found to rise
significantly after visiting a crop formation. Melatonin
is produced in the pineal gland, and has many effects, including pituitary gland
output, and thence the hypothalamus, these last 2 in turn, inhibiting gonadal
hormone output. This could explain the menstrual effects. Melatonin can also
cause elation and REM sleep — the dream states that correspond to theta
activity in the brain.
There may also be a connection to the magnetic anomalies, since Serena
Roney Dougal has found that electro
magnetic fields can affect melatonin production.
There may also be a connection to the magnetic anomalies, since Serena Roney Dougal has found that electro magnetic fields can affect melatonin production.
BALLS OF LIGHT: Many people have reported seeing balls
of light at night, over crop fields in which new formations are discovered
the following day. Several videos
have been filmed of balls of light in crop formations, apart from the infamous
Oliver’s Castle footage. Even crop-circle hoaxers have admitted encountering
‘flashes of light, pillars of light, and balls of light”, while out in the
MIRACLE CURES: Lucy
Pringle reports having taken many people with arthritis and rheumatism into
the formations, who, she suggests, have subsequently recovered. A woman who had Parkinson’s
disease stopped shaking for 24 hours, and one deaf person permanently
recovered their hearing.
DEAD PORCUPINES AND DECAPITATED
DOGS: In the 1991-93, in Canada, (in 2 separate events), 2
porcupines were found dead in crop formations. One was blackened and almost
disintegrated. The other was squashed
SCARED HORSES &
HOWLING DOGS: Horses have been observed to refuse to go into a crop
formation, even while being whipped by a humiliated farmer's wife.
Dogs often bark madly the night of a formations arrival. One farmer s dog
stopped 15 metres from a fresh formation and howled when its owner went in. On
the 2nd day it went down to 10m, on the 3rd day, 5m, and on the 4th day, the dog
entered the formation.
According to Glenn
Broughton and Steve Page, who have continued research started by Brian
Grist., 90% of formations in Southern England lie on aquifers
(water-carrying rocks — mainly chalk, limestone and greensand).
24. INTRICATE LAY: The crop in a genuine formation is often found to be in layers, with each layer swirled in a different direction. Some of the smaller, outlying circles are often found swirled into cones with a hollow in the centre — the stems are woven together like corn dollies. Bundling is another effect, where the crop is twisted into bundles as it is laid down, with the leaves coiling round groups of 4 or 5 stems.
RADIATION ANOMALIES: The Grasdorf formation in Germany 1992., registered
a radiation level 76%
above the safe legal limit in German work-places; it dropped back to a lower
reading later, which is normally impossible - radiation levels usually stay
constant. Michael Hesemann suggested that the Gieger-counter may have been
picking up “a hitherto unknown energy”.
TRILLING NOISE: A 5 to 5.2 KHZ buzzing, or “trilling”
sound has been heard and recorded in several formations. It was detected by
a BBC sound engineer, and recorded on his tape, just before his camera
broke down. Although it has been said to be identical to the call of the
Grasshopper Warbler, the BBC tape has been analyzed by a NASA specialist, who
said it is NOT birdsong. What is more, in the famous Billy Meier UFO case, in
1975—76, Meier had recorded a 5.2 KHZ buzz.
RAPID DAYLIGHT APPEARANCE: The “Julia Set”, a fractal pattern of 151
circles that appeared at Stonehenge in July 1996 appeared in broad daylight,
between 5.30 p.m. and 6.15 p.m., according to a pilot who flew over the area,
and back again 45 minutes later. Two other witnesses — a farm worker, and a
security guard at Stonehenge confirmed that there was definitely nothing there
earlier in the day.
28. INSECTS STUCK TO CROP. In some formations, flies have been found stuck to the crop, by their wings, as if the wings have partially melted, or by their tongues.
29. WHITE SUBSTANCE. A white sticky substance, or white crystal powder (updated) or sometimes a white cob-web-like substance reminiscent of the UFO-related "angel-hair", is sometimes found in formations. Biophysicist William Levengood has tested some of these, and found a silicon-hydrogen compound which had been formed at over 3000 degrees Celsius.
Signs, by Andy Thomas SB
Publications, Seaford, East Sussex UK. ISBN: 1 85770 155 0
Secret History of Crop Circles by Terry Wilson CCCS Paignton, Devon, UK.
ISBN: 0 906290 7 10
Crop Circles, The Greatest Mystery of Modern Times, by Lucy Pringle
Cosmic Connection by Michael Hesemann. Gateway Books, Bath, UK 1996. ISBN:
conversations & lectures by Barry
Lucy Pringle, Glen Broughton & Steve Page
Back to Crop Dept.